At a meeting of 46 nations in Stockholm in 2000 it was decided that all participating
“encourage appropriate forms of Holocaust remembrance, including an
annual Day of Holocaust Remembrance”
Many countries have their own Holocaust national days of remembrance which are
linked to particularly relevant dates for that country, for example, 19 April in Poland or
9 October in Romania.
United Nations 2005
In 2005 the United Nations adopted Resolution 60/7 which established 27 January as
International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust
and urged every member nation to honour the memory of Holocaust victims and
encouraged the development of educational programs about Holocaust history to help
prevent future acts of genocide.
27 January was adopted as it was on this day in 1945 that the Soviet Army entered
the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp and liberated the remaining prisoners who were
few in number and mostly close to death. Over one million people had already been
murdered in this camp.
Only a short time earlier the Nazis had forced nearly 60,000 prisoners to evacuate the
camp and embark on the infamous 'Death Marches' during which many thousands of
27 January provides an opportunity for everyone to learn lessons from the Holocaust,
Nazi persecution and subsequent genocides in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Darfur
and apply them in the present day to create a safer, better future. People of all ages
can come together in schools, workplaces and public spaces to remember the lessons
from the past.
As the Secretary-General of the United Nations declared:
But it is not enough to remember, honour and grieve for the dead. As we do, we must also educate, nurture and care for the living. We must foster in our children a sense of responsibility, so that they can build societies that protect and promote the rights of all citizens. We must instil in them a respect for diversity before intolerance has a chance to take root, and a sense of vigilance in case it threatens to do so. We must give them the courage and tools they need to make the right choices and to act in the face of evil.
…..the Universal Declaration [of Human Rights] was the first global statement of what many now take for granted: the inherent dignity and equality of all human beings.
Let us never take our human rights for granted. Let us uphold them, protect them, defend them, ensure that they are a living reality -- that they are known, understood and enjoyed by everyone, everywhere. It is often those who most need their human rights protected who also need to be informed that the Declaration exists, and that it exists for them.
International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance
The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) is the primary inter-
governmental body, established after the Stockholm Declaration, to encourage political
and social leaders’ support behind the need for Holocaust education, remembrance and
research both nationally and internationally.
Asociatia Tikvah has been partially funded by the IHRA in 2013-14 to assist in raising
awareness of the Holocaust and encouraging remembrance on 27 January in Northern
Transylvania so assisting Romania in meeting its Stockholm commitment.
We will be doing this in a number of ways:
-Increasing awareness of the 27 January as the day to remember the Holocaust and
reasserting the commitment to human rights.
-Encouraging participation in events to commemorate the Holocaust and subsequent
-Providing tools and materials for educators so enabling them to hold events of their
Developments will be posted on our News section and resources for teachers and
others for download can be found on our Remembrance Resources page.